Introduction of Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata in India is a relatively common autoimmune disease that causes hair loss on the scalp or other parts of the body in both men and women. The cause of the disease is unknown. Unlike androgenetic alopecia (male pattern baldness), Hair re-growth may be possible in people with Alopecia Areata treatment in India at Dr.Rajguru Hair Care & Research Clinic.In most instances, alopecia areata does not progress beyond a few bald patches. However, it can cause complete baldness of the head (alopecia areata totalis) or complete hair loss on the head, face and body (alopecia areata universalis) in very rare cases. Some individuals may also develop "pits" or dents in the fingernails as a result of the disease. Cases of alopecia areata vary depending on the individual. Some experience only minimal hair loss, followed by re-growth with the condition never recurring. Others lose and re-grow their hair indefinitely. Some research suggests a combination of certain genes may make some people more likely to develop the disease. People with family members affected by alopecia areata have a slightly higher risk for the disease, particularly if the first patches of hair are lost before age 30. Alopecia areata can be diagnosed by a physician

Signs and symptoms of alopecia areata may vary depending on the individual, and include:

  • Minimal hair loss, followed by re-growth with the condition never recurring
  • Loss and re-growth of hair indefinitely
  • Hair loss confined solely to the scalp
  • Hair loss on the face and body
  • Hairs tapered near the scalp (exclamation point hairs)
Some patients also report a tingling sensation, itching or mild pain at the site of an affected area. Diagnosis methods for alopecia areata Alopecia areata can be diagnosed by a physician. In addition to taking a medical history and performing a physical examination, inspecting the scalp and pattern of hair loss is often sufficient to diagnose alopecia areata or a similar disorder (e.g., male pattern baldness, androgenetic alopecia).

Hairs may also be tugged or pulled out to determine hair strength. If a diagnosis is not clear, a physician may take a sample of hair and scalp for laboratory analysis (biopsy). In some cases, blood tests may be used to test for other medical conditions that cause hair loss (e.g., overproduction of thyroid hormone [hyperthyroidism]).

Hair re-growth may be possible for patients, regardless of the severity of hair loss, because follicle production is not affected. Re-grown hair is often white and very fine at first, but over time it regains most or all of its normal color and texture. Re-growth of all the hair may take 3 TO 6 months in moderate cases. In severe cases one year or more time required.

DIFFUSE ALOPECIA (TOTAL LOSS OF SCALP HAIR)

  • pregnancy
  • fever, such as typhoid
  • severe general illness
  • prolong phases of emotional tension
  • treatment such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy